The Cisco Network Route Director (NRD) is a high-performance Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) route proxy for intercarrier, inter-call management server (CMS), and on-net or off-net routing. It is typically a centralized function in the communications network. It can be deployed in multiple points of presence (POPs) and is usually deployed as a cluster of servers for scalability and high availability.
The Cisco NRD can receive route requests from any SIP server in the network. It forwards SIP requests to other SIP-based applications or networks or routes the request to other SIP-based applications or networks. Typical SIP interactions include those with:
- Public switched telephone network (PSTN) gateways
- Other SIP networks and session border controllers (SBCs) that manage connectivity to a peer provider
- A local media gateway controller function (MGCF) such as the Cisco PGW 2200 Softswitch
The Cisco NRD is intended to support IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) as the Cisco implementation of the interrogating call session control function (I-CSCF) and breakout gateway control function (BGCF).